Hseb Notes Of English Grade 11 Essays

Preparation & Research
     1. Choose the purpose of the essay. The purpose might be to educate colleagues on your most recent research, or to convince others to believe your point of view to get funding for a project, or to explain your goals and aspirations to a college admissions team.
    2. Write a list of points that you want to emphasize in the essay. Jot important details beside each one. These details will become the supporting statements for each point.
    3. Organize the above list to reflect the order that you want each point presented as you write the essay. Review the organization to be certain that there is a smooth flow of information. A professional essay needs to have a smooth flow so the reader can progressively imagine the topic.
    4. Research each point and all supporting details. When researching, it is best to limit the sources to educational and research materials for best result.
    5. Write the informational paragraphs by following the chosen order of presentation. After writing this part of the essay, read it critically to be certain that you have sufficiently supported each point.
    6. Read the informational paragraphs aloud to be certain that the flow of information is still in the order that you want to present it. The first two of the informational paragraphs should have your most crucial points and excellent research. If there is a weaker point that you need to mention, then bury it in the middle of the essay between stronger points.
    7. Write the introductory paragraph. This is the most important part of the essay, as it will set the mood with your reader as either boring or interesting. State the purpose of the essay and introduce the main points in the introductory paragraph in the same order that you present them in the essay. The introductory paragraph is very strongly written in an essay.
    8. Write the conclusion as a strong, convincing paragraph. Although you will be touching upon the main points in the same order as the introduction, the conclusion isnot a re-write of the introductory paragraph. The conclusion of an essay needs to convince the reader that you have proven your points with valid research from respectable sources.
2.It is a well-known fact that …
3.I can’t help but disagree with the given statement that …
4.I entirely agree with the given statement that …
5.Whether or not smoking should be ban in public lace has been a debatable issue everywhere …
·Some useful phrases to open up the points in the BODY of the essay
2.As far as my knowledge is concerned …
3.In my personal point of view …
4.I would like to opine that …
5.I would like to stress upon the fact that …
6.As we all are cognizant of the fact that …
7.Some people argue that …
8.Others may disagree that …
9.Those who disagree / point out that …
10.It couldn’t be denied that …
11.As the saying goes that …
12.There goes a famous proverb in my community that …
13.Words like : Furthermore, Beside, Moreover, In addition, Likewise, similarly, whereas, indeed
·How to conclude an essay ?
2.Summing up all, the conclusion can be drawn that …
3.Last but certainly not the least …
4.I would like to wind up the essay stating that …
·Introduction shouldn’t last more than 3-4 sentences.
·Do not particularize any place or community. (Instead write – in the context of the place where I live)
·Do not generalize the simple facts before defining the points in the essay.
·In anargumentative essay, points should be in the ratio of 60:40 or 70:30 (or 50:50, leaving everything upon the readers)
·NEVER REPEAT THE POINTS, DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY.
·Never us the point/expression that may hurt the sentiment of a person (be it that political party or religious group). However, you can criticize the general system but not the person in particular.
·Never leave your essay unconcluded. At least write one or two comments necessary to complete it.
Ways to write an Argumentative essay
1.Introduce your topic and assert your side
As in any essay, the first paragraph of your argument essay should contain a brief explanation of your topic, some background information, and a thesis statement. In this case, your thesis will be a statement of your position on a particular controversial topic.
One of the Example of introductory paragraph with thesis statement:
Since the turn of the new century, a theory has emerged concerning the end of the world or at least the end of life as we know it. This new theory centers around the year 2012, a date that many claim has mysterious origins in ancient manuscripts from many different cultures. The most noted characteristic of this date is that it appears to mark the end of the Mayan calendar. But there is no evidence to suggest that the Maya saw any great relevance to this date. In fact, none of the claims surrounding a 2012 doomsday event hold up to scientific inquiry. The year 2012 will pass without a major, life-altering catastrophe.

2.Present both sides of the controversy

The body of your essay will contain the meat of your argument. You should go into more detail about the two sides of your controversy and state the strongest points of the counter-side of your issue.
After describing the “other” side, you will present your own viewpoint and then provide evidence to show why your position is the correct one.
Select your strongest evidence and present your points one by one. Use a mix of evidence types, from statistics, to other studies and anecdotal stories. This part of your paper could be any length, from two paragraphs to two hundred pages.
Re-state your position as the most sensible one in your summary paragraphs.
§Avoid emotional language
§Know the difference between a logical conclusion and an emotional point of view
§Don’t make up evidence
§Be prepared to defend your side by knowing the strongest arguments for the other side. You might be challenged by the teacher or by another student.

Instruction for scoring about DISTINCTION mark in English (writing patterns, methodologies, answer length, grammar, vocabularies to be used, organization way, number of paragraphs to be written etc) and special focus for extraordinary and unique answer

1. Long Question from the text

  • The Magic of Words-grade XI

The Heritage of Words-grade XII 10 marks 

Right understanding of the question, Five paragraphs, about 350 words, exact answer in the 1st paragraph (heat on the head), appropriate grammar pattern, diverse vocabulary, detailed explanation, examples, supporting details for the question, neat handwriting…quotations, diverse phrases, poetic and personal unique styles of writing, examples from diverse fields, thesis statement, hook

2. Short Question from the text 5 marks -Right understanding of the question, three paragraphs, about 180 words, exact answer in the 1st paragraph ( heat on the head), appropriate grammar pattern, diverse vocabulary, detailed explanation, examples, supporting details for the question, neat handwriting… quotations, diverse phrases, poetic and personal unique styles of writing, examples from diverse fields

3. Short Question from the text 3 marks( for Grade XII only) – Right understanding of the question, single paragraph, about 50-80 words, exact answer ( heat on the head), appropriate grammar pattern, diverse vocabulary, appropriate explanation, examples, supporting details for the question, neat handwriting…

4. Essay writing 10 marks -Right understanding of the question, Five paragraphs, about 350 words, exact answer in the 1st paragraph ( heat on the head), appropriate grammar pattern, diverse vocabulary, detailed explanation, examples, supporting details for the question, neat handwriting quotations, diverse phrases, poetic and personal unique styles of writing, examples from diverse fields, thesis statement, hook

5. Letter to the editor 10 marks – Right understanding of the question, date, address, salutation, subject (if necessary) in the right position, 3-4 paragraphs, about 250 words, appropriate grammar pattern, diverse vocabulary, detailed explanation, examples, supporting details for the question, neat handwriting…(never draw an envelope in formal letters)

6. Magazine article 10 marks Right understanding of the question, Five paragraphs, about 350 words, exact answer in the 1st paragraph ( heat on the head), appropriate grammar pattern, diverse vocabulary, detailed explanation, examples, supporting details for the question, neat handwriting, quotations, diverse phrases, poetic and personal unique styles of writing, examples from diverse fields, thesis statement, hook (not necessary to write in column)

7. Job application 10 marks Right understanding of the question, date, address, salutation, subject (if necessary) in the right position, 3-4 paragraphs, about 200 words, appropriate grammar pattern, diverse vocabulary, neat handwriting…

  • 1st paragraph-general information of the vacancy, your happiness, gratitude, which post you want to apply in short.
  • 2nd paragraph- your academic achievements, experience (employment to date), skills, interests, hobbies.etc in short.
  • 3rd paragraph-your confidence for the position, honest attitude, positive thinking for the institute, your assurance for the betterment of the organization
  • Last single line or two lines for positive hope and thanks. After that signature must be in between subscription(e.g.: Yours faithfully) and name 

8. Appropriate Curriculum Vitae: General information (name, address, date of birth, nationality, father/mother’s name, marital status, language, contact details, phone number, email address,) Education/qualifications, Employment to date/experience, skills/interests, hobbies, awards, publications, Reference(at least two)

9. Informal letter(letter to the family members, friends, relatives) 10 marks -Right understanding of the question, date, address, salutation in the right position, 3-4 paragraphs, about 350 words, appropriate grammar pattern, diverse vocabulary, neat handwriting, quotations, diverse phrases, poetic and personal unique styles of writing, examples from diverse fields ,envelope in proper pattern with detailed postal address starting from name of the sender and receiver

10. Narration of a story/an incident/narrow escape/dream/unforgettable moment, picnic, visiting new place etc 10 marks – Right understanding of the question, Five paragraphs( may be four ,three also), about 350 words, introduction in the 1st paragraph, appropriate grammar pattern, diverse vocabulary, detailed explanation, examples, supporting details for the question, quotations, diverse phrases, poetic and personal unique styles of writing, neat hand writing and explain in detail why this is so memorable…

11. Movie review 10 marks -Right understanding of the question, Five paragraphs, about 350 words, introduction in the 1st paragraph(movie name, director, main characters name, choreographer, singer, genre of the movie (e.g. thriller, comedy etc), theme, lesson etc. appropriate grammar pattern, diverse vocabulary, detailed explanation, then your likes/ dislikes in various elements. comments on weaknesses/good aspects, theme, setting, movie name, director, main characters, choreographer, singer etc, quotations, diverse phrases, poetic and personal unique styles of writing, examples from diverse fields, comparison of this movie with others, much more commentary rather than explanation

12. Developing an incomplete sentence to a paragraph… 5 marks Right understanding of the question, three paragraphs, about 200 words, appropriate grammar pattern, diverse vocabulary, detailed explanation, examples, supporting details for the question, neat hand writing, follow the question whether it has asked you to start with that sentence or end with it…

13. Dialogue writing -Especially for grade XI only) 5 marks Right understanding of the question, about 14 pairs, question and answer….and vice versa, setting the scene/situation first and ending the scene at last, appropriate grammar pattern, diverse vocabulary, detailed explanation, neat hand writing

14. Grammar(special instructions) 5 marks • • deeply read the instructions given in each question

  • Fill in the blanks, choose the best answer- underline in answer and full question is to be written
  • strictly follow the example if it is given in the question paper
  • at least leave two to three lines after completing each number (e.g. Q.no 1, 2 or 3 etc but not necessary to leave line after a, b, c, etc)

Book review 10 marks Right understanding of the question, Five paragraphs, about 350 words, introduction in the 1st paragraph(book name, writer, main characters name, genre of the book (e.g. novel, autobiography etc), theme, lesson etc. appropriate grammar pattern, diverse vocabulary, detailed explanation, then your likes/ dislikes in various elements. comments on weaknesses/good aspects, theme, setting, book name, narrator , main characters, quotations, diverse phrases, poetic and personal unique styles of writing, examples from diverse fields, comparison of this book with others, much more commentary rather than explanation.

Tricks convey to HSEB Notes for you

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